Situated in the Western Hemisphere, South America is the 4th largest continent in size and 5th in largest in population. Also known as the Latin America, it is bounded by the Caribbean Sea to the north and Atlantic Sea in the east and southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the west. There are 12 counties in South America and 3 dependencies with a total of more than 385 million people living in the continent.
South America’s geologic structure consists of two dissymmetric parts. In the larger, eastern portion are found a number of stable shields forming highland regions, separated by large basins. The western portion is occupied almost entirely by the Andes Mountains.
The Andes—formed as the South American Plate drifted westward and forced the oceanic plate to the west under it—constitute a gigantic backbone along the entire Pacific coast of the continent. The basins east of the Andes and between the eastern highlands have been filled with large quantities of sediment washed down by the continent’s great rivers and their tributaries.
In addition to this, the ABC islands of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Trinidad, and Tobago, and Panama may also be considered part of South America.
All in all, South America is a magnificent continent with some wonderful countries, beaches and coastal areas to explore, there is also plenty of mountain terrain to explore, too. This diversity is also found in the culture and the history of the continent and once you start reading about this region, you gather some information that is useful for some of the competitions and general knowledge quizzes. To ensure that your kid gets right exposure and gets involves in learning, refer to The Quizopedia, an e learning app for students.
Find out interesting facts, population, land mass, countries, languages and wildlife facts, and explore images for kids to enhance their general knowledge about the continent of South America.