As the father of modern taxonomy. He defined the principles for grouping, ranking and naming organisms into genera and species(binomial nomenclature).
Linnaeus was born in the countryside of Småland in southern Sweden. He received most of his higher education at Uppsala University and began giving lectures in botany there in 1730. He lived abroad between 1735 and 1738, where he studied and also published the first edition of his Systema Naturae in the Netherlands.